Submission Guidelines and Requirements

OBIC Book Series

Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word (doc, docx) or Rich Text (rtf) format via email to obic@uni-bge.hu.

The length of the paper should be between 5,000 and 7,000 words.

Authors should observe high academic standards. Plagiarism in any form is incompatible with research ethics and our values. All submitted full papers will be checked by a plagiarism detection software and in case there are copied parts, authors will be asked to rewrite the parts in question.

Each study should be well-structured and contain introduction, goals of research, methods, results, and conclusions.

Studies start with the title followed by the name of the Author(s), indicating the corresponding author, their titles, the 16-digit ORCID identifiers of the Authors, affiliations [institution, (department), city, (state), country] and email addresses. The title should be concise and informative.

For authors that are unaffiliated, only their city and country of residence will be captured, not their email address unless requested.

Abstracts, Keywords, JEL Codes

Provide an abstract of 150-400 words, five to seven keywords, and five JEL Codes.

A good abstract is short and impactful, where every word counts. Each sentence should clearly communicate one main point. Since an abstract of 150-400 words is short, remain clear and avoid passive sentences that are often unnecessarily long.

Preparation of the Main Text - Formal Requirements

The text must be aligned to the left margin, and without any text formatting applied (including capitals, larger or smaller font sizes, the use of color, etc.), and should be prepared with single line spacing.

Font type and size: Times New Roman, 12pt.

The text should be subdivided into sections (chapters). Each section must have a title and number.

Each section can be divided into subsections (subchapters) with decimal numbering within the study (2., 2.2. etc.).

Emphasis in the text should only be italicized!

References in the Text

All references are to be identified at the appropriate point in the text by the last name of the author, year of publication and pagination only in case of verbatim quotes. Our rules of referencing comply with the Harvard referencing method, see here: https://www.open.ac.uk/library/referencing-and-plagiarism/quick-guide-to-harvard-referencing-cite-them-right

The bibliographical references must be in-text-citation - given directly in the main text and not in the footnotes using the following format:

If author's name is in the text, follow it with year in parentheses, e.g., Yoo (2021)

If author's name is not in the text, insert, in parentheses, the last name and year, e.g., (Lee, 1986).

Pagination follows year of publication after a comma, e.g., Wong (1979, p. 56), (Wong, 1979, pp. 56-67).

Give both last names for two authors, e.g. (Green and Kadoya, 2013). Give all last names on first citation in text for more than two authors (Wong, Smith and Adebole, 2015); thereafter use "et al." in the text Wong et al. (2015) or (Wong et al., 2015).

When two authors have the same last names, use identifying initials in the text, e.g., (Kim, K-H, 2001).

For institutional authorship, supply minimum identification in italics from the beginning of the complete citation, e.g., (National Institute of Population and Social Security Research in Japan, 2002).

Separate series of references with semi-colons and enclose them within a single pair of parentheses, e.g., (Edwards, 1981; Lee et al., 1983).

For secondary referencing use "quoted in" if directly quoting, e.g., (Fernandez, 2015 quoted in Nabokov, 2017, p. 15). If summarizing from a source, use "cited in".

Footnotes can only be used when additional information must be added to the body of the text. Footnotes with continuous counting must appear at the bottom of the page.

Reference List

The main text is followed by a reference list in alphabetic order by author and, within author, by year of publication, in an appendix, entitled "References". 

The use of "et al." is not accepted in the appendix; list the names of all authors using full first names. If there is more than one reference to the same author and year, distinguish them by the letters a, b, etc. after the year (2021a).

At the end of references (in particular, journal references), please also insert the DOI link, whenever available.

The titles of books and journals should be in italics. Examples follow:

I. Book:

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) Title. Edition if later than first. Place of publication: publisher.


Garreau, J. (1991) Edge City: Life on the New Frontier. New York: Anchor Books.

II. Article:

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) 'Title of the article', Title of Journal, volume number (issue number), page reference. Available at: DOI or URL (if accessed online).


Friedmann, J. (1986) 'The World City Hypothesis', Development and Change, 17(1), pp. 69–83. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1986.tb00231.x

III. Book chapter:

Surname of chapter author, Initial. (Year of publication) 'Title of chapter or section', in Surname of book editor, Initial (ed.) Title of book. Place of publication: publisher, page reference.


Garnaut, Ch. (2008) 'The Adelaide Parklands and the Endurance of the Green Belt 107 Idea in South Australia', in Amati M. (ed.) Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-first Century. Aldershot: Ashgate. pp. 107–128.

IV. Online document:

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) Title of the document. Title of the webpage. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).


Cho, J. (2009) Breaking the Gay Taboo in South Korea. ABC News. Available at: https://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=7351116 (Accessed: 22 April 2021).

A.T. Kearney (2019) A question of talent: how human capital will determine the next global leaders. 2019 Global Cities Report. Available at: https://www.kearney.com/global-cities/2019 (Accessed: 23 May 2021).

V. Dissertation:

Surname, Initial. (Year) Title. PhD Dissertation, Name of the Institute.


Lee, E-Y. (2015) The rhetorical landscape of Itaewon: Negotiating new transcultural identities in South Korea. PhD Dissertation, Bowling Green State University.


Images must obtain permissions from the copyright holder/original sources. Images should be placed within the text.

All charts, maps and illustrations should be called "figures" and numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals; the number and title should be placed above the figure. Initial capitals should be used. All figures and tables must be cited consecutively in the text.

Figures should be submitted as separate source files in .eps, .tif, or .jpg format, in a size suitable for the typesetting area of the book series. Tables and graphs should be sent in excel or similar format separately to be able to format uniformly. The resolution of these files should be at least 300 dpi for half-tone figures, and 600 dpi for line drawings. Number the files and indicate in the manuscript where they are to appear (Fig. 1 here). All figures should be in black and white. The text in a figure must be legible and should not be smaller than corps 7. The size of this lettering for any text in a figure should be the same for all figures in the manuscript.

All figures (diagrams, graphs, etc.) and tables need to be applied with the source(s) of origin, even if they derived from the authors' own primary research. Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the figure caption.